CTG Brasil's R&D Project transforms plants into biofuel
2020-11-28 CTG Brasil
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作为三峡巴西公司和巴西国家工业培训服务中心(SENAI)合作研发项目的一部分,近日,巴西国家工业培训服务中心生物质创新研究所(ISI Biomassa)与三湖市政府在苏库里河(Sucuriú River)中清除了近2吨水生植物,这些植物将被转化为540公斤的生物油。

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三峡巴西公司与SENAI自2019年7月开始合作进行该研发项目,项目通过热解技术将河流、库区中过剩的水生植物转化为生物燃料,变废为宝,同时促进当地生态平衡。该项目预计为期三年,将获得460万雷亚尔的投资。

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As part of the project “Macrofuel: Energy Utilization of Pyrolytic Bio-Oil from Aquatic Macrophytes for Biofuel Production” carried out by SENAI (National Service for Industrial Learning) in partnership with CTG Brasil, ISI Biomassa (Instituto Senai de Inovação), together with the Municipality of Três Lagoas (MS), has just removed almost 2 tons of aquatic plants (macrophytes) in a stretch of the Sucuriú River. The plants will be transformed into 540 kg of bio-oil.

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The project consists of giving a more adequate and sustainable destination to the excess of macrophytes, removed from the reservoirs, through rapid pyrolysis, a process of decomposition of materials applying high temperatures. The main product of this thermochemical process is bio-oil, which can be used directly as a fuel in diesel engines or be processed and give rise to products with higher added value.

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“Since we started the project in partnership with CTG Brasil, in July 2019, we have already managed to produce 150 kilograms of bio-oil, which is undergoing a process to improve its quality to be used directly as fuel in diesel engines and power the engines of the plants. Results of the pilot-scale research have already been presented to the company, which was surprised by the progress of the project”, says Paulo Renato dos Santos, researcher responsible for the project at ISI Biomassa.

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“Macrophytes are essential for the balance of the aquatic environment, serving as a shelter for some organisms, as well as a refuge for spawning fish. But, when in excess, these plants can impact the multiple uses of water resources, such as energy generation, navigation, fishing, recreation, among others”, says Rogerio Marchetto, Environment Manager at CTG Brasil, reinforcing the importance of the project.

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In addition to making energy use of a waste that can become a problem with its excessive spread, the project includes the mapping, monitoring and identification of macrophytes - 86 species of aquatic plants have already been identified in other studies in the reservoirs of the Ilha Solteira and Jupiá HPPs.

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The study lasts for three years and will receive R $ 4.6 million in investments in total, of which R $ 2.3 million from CTG Brasil through financial resources from the Research and Technological Development Program of the Electric Energy Sector, promoted by National Electric Energy Agency (Aneel). 

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